Carpet - Types and Problems

Carpet is thick and heavy woven or non - woven materials used to cover surface of various places like rooms , hall, stairs . The fibres used may be natural , artificial or both. Carpet is made of foundation and surface piles. Foundation is jute or cotton and surface pile is made of wool , cotton, nylon and silk. 

Components of carpet :-

  • Face fiber :- It is the top decorative part of carpet which can be touched directly . It is washed for its shine and cleaned

  • Primary backing :- It holds face fibre tightly . It is made of jute and synthetic

  • Secondary backing :- It supports primary backing and down most part of carpet . It is made of jute , synthetic, sponge which save carpet from dampness.

Types of carpet 

1. Woven carpet :-

  • It is hand made

  • It is expensive

  • It uses total woollen fibres

  • It is available in limited shape and size

  • It is durable and highly resilient

2. Non - woven carpet / Tufted carpet :-

  • It is machine made

  • It is made of synthetic fibre 

  • It is cheaper

  • It is available on various shape and size

  • It is used for wall to wall carpeting.

COMMON CARPET PROBLEMS :-

1. Shading :- Brushing and vaccuming should be done in one particular direction . If it is done in two different direction shading problem occurs

2. Fading :- Fading will make carpet colourless if it is faced sunlight directly  for times and If it is used for tear and wear movement .

3. Wicking :- It is absorbing the dampness by the carpet . It occurs when back support of carpet becomes moist or wet. 

4. Mildew :- It is fungus infection . It occurs when carpet is kept wet for longer time that cause stain , odour and rotting . Proper care of carpet is neceyto prevent it from mildew

5. Resilience :- The resilience refers ability of carpet to recover it's original shape after being crushed by traffics.  The carpet used in guest room should have more resilience properties 

PROCEDURES OF CLEANING CARPET :-

  • Brush or vaccum carpet at first

  • Make foam of shampoo

  • Apply foam to carpet and brush it 

  • Rinse the carpet and use little disinfectant

  • Dry it with duster 

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