Evolution of Tourism in Nepal

Nepal was closed to foreigners untill 1951. The beginning of tourism in Nepal started through mountain tourism when Mr Hillary and Mr. Tenzing successfully ascent mount Everest. The initial tourists were American of retirement age. 


Nepal issued its first tourist visa in 1955 on request by borris lissanevitch who pleaded crown price Mahendra to allow Thomas Cook and son ltd to send tourists.  Mr. Borris lissanevitch started first tourist standard hotel , Hotel Royal. Similarly, Himalayan airlines also started operating flight. 


In 1956 First five year plan on tourism was developed and National Tourist development board also came in existence. Similarly, Royal Nepal Airlines Corporation started its operation in 1958. Nepal become member of international Union of official Travel organization in 1959. There was incresement of tourist by 40 % in 1965 . However , Hippies tourist trend strated in late of 1960. Almost 50% tourist were aged between 16 to 30 years travelling for sex , drug as hashish was legal at that time. Hippie tourism lasted from 1960 to 1970 and ended when drugs enforcement administration was introduced in 1973 and hashish consider illegal. Hippie trail came to end in 1979. 

During 1975 to 1991 , Nepal was in hot spot for cultural Tourist, adventure seekers and holiday makers. The tourist count increase from one lakh to 3/4 lakh every year . Nepal celebrated visit Nepal 98 to promote tourism. There was decrease in tourist when Indian airlines flight was hijacked in 1999 and after Royal massacre in 2001. Nepal tourism year was celebrated in 2011 and visit Nepal year was celebrated in year 2020 but stopped due to Corona virus pandemic.


Now tourism is important source of revenue and Nepal is visited by more than 1 million tourist every year. Nepal is rich in flora and fauna with cultural and religious diversity. A country rich in natural resources with shade of lord Buddha , height of mount Everest really gives pride .

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